The Model 314 had a 3,685-mile range, enabling it to open new routes. The 'Clippers' proved rugged and reliable,both on Atlantic and Pacific routes.
The Model 314 was drafted into service at the outbreak of World War II to ferry materials and personnel. Few other aircraft of the day could meet the wartime distance and load requirements.The first of the Boeing 314A airrcraft flew as a prototype on March 20, 1941, but with WW II in full swing, only half the order went to Pan American. Three models were bought by the British government and allotted to BOAC for use as transport aircraft. President Franklin D. Roosevelt traveled by Boeing Clipper to meet with Winston Churchill at the Casablanca Conference in 1943. On the way home, President Roosevelt celebrated his birthday in the flying boat's dining room.
Pan American had made the world a smaller place by delivering the mail and passengers across both great oceans in record time. Although the sense of the luxury that surrounded flying would remain with people for generations, the trans-oceanic flying boats made passenger travel more available to the public.
After the War, seaplanes became obsolete,because you could fly accross the ocean non-stop in aircraft such as the Lockheed Constellation. The great flying boats were destroyed, sold off to start-up airlines — seven to the new World Airways — or were cannibalized for parts. By the early 50's, all of the planes were gone. Thus ending the Golden Age of of the flying boats.
The Model 314's were Powered with four twin-row Wright Cyclones rated at 1500 h.p. 1600 h.p for the 314A (Take off power) Wright Cyclone 709C-14AC1 double row 14 Cylinder radial air-cooled geared engines, in semi-monocoque nacelles in the leading edge of the wings. Engine access during flight was through wing companion ways. Hamilton standard full- feathering constant speed proppellers. Fuel tanks in wing and Hydro stabilizers.
The 314A's.Had a maximum speed of 210 m.p.h., a cruising speed of 188 m.p.h., and a cruising range of 3,685 miles. Manufactured by the Boeing Aircraft Company,Seattle, Washington.
Visit the Pan American World Airways Heritage site to learn more about the 314. Unfortunately all of the Pan Am flying boats are gone, but the Martin Company did manufacture a flying boat during the Second World War, the Martin M-150 "Mars". Two of the four aircraft manufactured still fly! Please visit them at their home in Canada.
List of the Flying Boat Clippers
Martin M130s, Sikorsky S42s and Boeing 314s
Alaska Clipper NC16735 Sikorsky S42B 1940-1941 Renamed Hong Kong Clipper
American Clipper NC18606 Boeing 314 1939-1946
Anzac Clipper NC18611 Boeing 314A 1941-1951
Atlantic Clipper NC18604 Boeing 314 1939-1946
Bermuda Clipper NC16735 Sikorsky S42B1936-1941 Renamed Alaska Clipper 1941
Betsy Ross Clipper NC16736 Sikorsky S42B1937-1943 Crashed in Manaos, Brazil
Brazilian Clipper NC822M Sikorsky S421934-1946 Renamed Colombia Clipper
California Clipper NC18602 Boeing 314 1939-1950 Renamed Pacific Clipper
Capetown Clipper NC18612 Boeing 314A 1941-1946
China Clipper NC14716 Martin M130 1935-1945 Started transpacific mail service
Colombia Clipper NC822M Sikorsky S42 1937-1946 Scrapped 1946
Dixie Clipper NC18605 Boeing 314 1939-1950 Started transatlantic passenger service
Dominican Clipper NC15376 Sikorsky S42A 1936-1941 Lost in accident
Hawaiian Clipper NC14714 Martin M130 1936-1938 Started transpacific passenger service
Hong Kong Clipper NC823M Sikorsky S42 1937-1944 Sank in Cuba
Hong Kong Clipper NC16735 Sikorsky S42B 1941-1941 Destroyed by Japanese bombing
Honolulu Clipper NC18601 Boeing 314 1939-1945 Sank by US Navy
Jamaica Clipper NC15373 Sikorsky S42A 1935-1946 Scrapped 1946
Pacific Clipper NC18602 Boeing 314 1939-1950 Sold to World Airways
Pacific Clipper NC18609 Boeing 314A 1941-1946
Pan American Clipper NC823M Sikorsky S42 1934-1937 Renamed Hong Kong Clipper
Pan American Clipper NC16734 Sikorsky S42B 1936-1938 Renamed Samoan Clipper
Pan American Clipper NC16736 Sikorsky S42B 1937-1943 Renamed Bermuda Clipper 1940
Philippine Clipper NC14715 Martin M130 1935-1943 Crashed in Boonvile, CA
Samoan Clipper NC16734 Sikorsky S42B 1936-1938 Crashed in Pago Pago
West Indies Clipper NC823M Sikorsky S42 1937-1944 Renamed Pan American Clipper
Yankee Clipper NC18603 Boeing 314 1939-1943 Started transatlantic mail service
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